The New Organon Or True Directions Concerning The Interpretation of Nature cover

The New Organon Or True Directions Concerning The Interpretation of Nature

Francis Bacon (1561-1636)

1. 00 – Author’s Preface
2. 01 – Book 1, Aphorisms 1-44
3. 02 – Book 1, Aphorisms 45-60
4. 03 – Book 1, Aphorisms 61-68
5. 04 – Book 1, Aphorisms 69-77
6. 05 – Book 1, Aphorisms 78-91
7. 06 – Book 1, Aphorisms 92-107
8. 07 – Book 1, Aphorisms 108-120
9. 08 – Book 1, Aphorisms 121-130
10. 09 – Book 2, Aphorisms 01-10
11. 10 – Book 2, Aphorisms 11-12
12. 11 – Book 2, Aphorism 13
13. 12 – Book 2, Aphorisms 14-20
14. 13 – Book 2, Aphorisms 21-26
15. 14 – Book 2, Aphorisms 27-32
16. 15 – Book 2, Aphorisms 33-35
17. 16 – Book 2, Aphorism 36
18. 17 – Book 2, Aphorisms 37-40
19. 18 – Book 2, Aphorisms 41-47
20. 19 – Book 2, Aphorism 48 Part 1 (par1-21)
21. 20 – Book 2, Aphorisms 48 Part 2 (par22-34), 49, 50 Part 1 (par1-5)
22. 21 – Book 2, Aphorisms 50 Part 2 (par6-19), 51, 52

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Summary

The Novum Organum is a philosophical work by Francis Bacon published in 1620. The title translates as “new instrument”. This is a reference to Aristotle’s work Organon, which was his treatise on logic and syllogism. In Novum Organum, Bacon details a new system of logic he believes to be superior to the old ways of syllogism. For Bacon, finding the essence of a thing was a simple process of reduction, and the use of inductive reasoning . . . This work was critical in the historical development of the scientific method.