Four Discourses Against The Arians cover

Four Discourses Against The Arians

Athanasius of Alexandria (c. 297-373)

1. I.1 Introduction
2. I.2 Extracts from the Thalia of Arius
3. I.3 The Importance of the Subject
4. I.4 That the Son is Eternal and Increate
5. I.5 That the Son is Eternal and Increate, continued
6. I.6 That the Son is Eternal and Increate, continued
7. I.7 Objections to the Foregoing Proof
8. I.8 Objections continued
9. I.9 Objections continued
10. I.10 Objections continued
11. I.11 Texts Explained 1st: Philippians 2:9-10
12. I.12 Texts Explained 2nd: Psalm 45:7-8
13. I.13 Texts Explained 3rd: Hebrews 1:4
14. II.14 Texts Explained 4th: Hebrews 3:2
15. II.15 Texts Explained 5th: Acts 2:36
16. II.16 Introductory to Proverbs 8:22, that the Son is not a Creature
17. II.17 That the Son is not a Creature, continued
18. II.18 That the Son is not a Creature, continued
19. II.19 Texts Explained 6th: Proverbs 8:22
20. II.20 Texts Explained 6th: Proverbs 8:22, continued
21. II.21 Texts Explained 6th: Proverbs 8:22, continued
22. II.22 Context of Proverbs 8:22, viz. 22-30
23. III.23 Texts Explained 7th: John 14:10, Introduction
24. III.24 Texts Explained 8th: John 17:3, and the like
25. III.25 Texts Explained 9th: John 10:30, 17:11, etc.
26. III.26 Introductory to Texts from the Gospels on the Incarnation
27. III.27 Texts Explained 10th: Matthew 11:27, John 3:35, etc.
28. III.28 Texts Explained 11th: Mark 13:32, Luke 2:52
29. III.29 Texts Explained 12th: Matthew 26:29, John 12:27, etc.
30. III.30 Objections continued (as in Chapters 7-10)
31. IV. The Substantiality of the Word, § 1-7
32. IV. The Distinction of Divine Persons, § 8-14
33. IV. The Identity of Word and Son, § 15-25
34. IV. That the Son is the Co-existing Word, argued from the Scriptures, § 26-36

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Summary

In spite of Nicea's condemnation of Arius in 325, Arianism was far from dead. For decades after Nicea, political intrigue and personality clashes continued to confuse the doctrinal issues. Additionally, the line separating othodoxy from Arianism was blurred by a number of "semi-Arians" who agreed with the theology of orthodoxy but continued to object to the "homoousios" of the Nicene Formula. In this milieu, Athanasius of Alexandria tirelessly worked to cut through the confusion and restore unity. Sometimes alone against the world, Athanasius rejected all attempts at unity through ambiguity and strove for unity through clarity. His Four Discourses Against the Arians are the culmination of these efforts. By these, Athanasius successfully defended the theology of the Nicene Formula and united the orthodox Church. For doing so, Athanasius holds an honored place in Church history.