The Natural History cover

The Natural History

Pliny the Elder

1. 01 - Preface and The Life and Writings of Pliny, part 1
2. 02 - The Life and Writings of Pliny, part 2
3. 03 - Book 1, Dedication. -
4. 04 - Book 2, Chapters 1-5 -
5. 05 - Book 2, Chapters 6-8 -
6. 06 - Book 2, Chapters 9-13 -
7. 07 - Book 2, Chapters 14-23
8. 08 - Book 2, Chapters 24-45
9. 09 - Book 2, Chapters 46-55
10. 10 - Book 2, Chapters 56-66
11. 11 - Book 2 Chapters 67-77
12. 12 - Book 2, Chapters 78-96
13. 13 - Book 2, Chapters 97-106
14. 14 - Book 2, Chapters 107-113, Summary
15. 15 - Book 3, Introduction and Chapters 1-3
16. 16 - Book 3, Chapter 4
17. 17 - Book 3, Chapters 5-7
18. 18 - Book 3, Chapters 8-9
19. 19 - Book 3, Chapters 10-14
20. 20 - Book 3, Chapters 15-17
21. 21 - Book 3, Chapters 18-22
22. 22 - Book 3, Chapters 23-30 and Summary
23. 23 - Book 4, Chapters 1-10
24. 24 - Book 4, Chapters 11-18
25. 25 - Book 4, Chapters 19-25
26. 26 - Book 4, Chapters 26-30
27. 27 - Books 4, Chapters 31-37 and Summary
28. 28 - Book 5, Chapters 1-3
29. 29 - Book 5, Chapters 4-8
30. 30 - Book 5, Chapters 9-13
31. 31 - Book 5, Chapters 14-19
32. 32 - Book 5, Chapters 20-28
33. 33 - Book 5, Chapters 29-32
34. 34 - Book 5, Chapters 33-39
35. 35 - Book 5, Chapters 40-44 and Summary

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Summary

"Naturalis Historia" (Latin for "Natural History") is an encyclopedia published circa AD 77-79 by Pliny the Elder. It is one of the largest single works to have survived from the Roman empire to the modern day and purports to cover the entire field of ancient knowledge, based on the best authorities available to Pliny. The work became a model for all later encyclopedias in terms of the breadth of subject matter examined, the need to reference original authors, and a comprehensive index list of the contents. The scheme of his great work is vast and comprehensive, being nothing short of an encyclopedia of learning and of art so far as they are connected with nature or draw their materials from nature. The work divides neatly into the organic world of plants and animals, and the realm of inorganic matter, although there are frequent digressions in each section. He is especially interested in not just describing the occurrence of plants, animals and insects, but also their exploitation (or abuse) by man, especially Romans. The description of metals and minerals is particularly detailed, and valuable for the history of science as being the most extensive compilation still available from the ancient world. This volume one includes the first five books, covering the following subjects:Book 1- DedicationBook 2 - An account of the world and the elementsBooks 3 to 5 - An account of countries, nations, seas, towns, havens, mountains, rivers, distances, and peoples who now exist or formerly existed