Essay Concerning Humane Understanding cover

Essay Concerning Humane Understanding

John Locke (1632-1704)

1. Introduction.
2. No innate speculative principles. Part I
3. No innate speculative principles. Part II
4. No innate practical principles. Part I
5. No innate practical principles. Part II
6. Other considerations concerning innate principles, both speculative and practical. Part I
7. Other considerations concerning innate principles, both speculative and practical. Part II
8. Of ideas in general, and their original. Part I
9. Of ideas in general, and their original. Part II
10. Of simple ideas ; of simple ideas of sense ; idea of solidity.
11. Of simple ideas of divers senses ; Of simple ideas of reflection; Of simple ideas of both sensation and reflection.
12. Some further considerations concerning our simple ideas of sensation
13. Of perception
14. Of retention
15. Of discerning, and other operations of the mind
16. Of complex ideas
17. Of simple modes:—and first, of the simple modes of the idea of space Part I
18. Of simple modes:—and first, of the simple modes of the idea of space Part II
19. Idea of duration and its simple modes Part I
20. Idea of duration and its simple modes Part II
21. Ideas of duration and expansion, considered together
22. Idea of number and its simple modes
23. Of the idea of infinity Part I
24. Of the idea of infinity Part II
25. Of other simple modes; of the modes of thinking ; of modes of pleasure and pain
26. Of the idea of power Part I
27. Of the idea of power Part II
28. Of the idea of power Part III
29. Of the idea of power Part IV
30. Of mixed modes
31. Of our complex ideas of substances Part I
32. Of our complex ideas of substances Part II
33. Of collective ideas of substances; of ideas of relation; of ideas of cause and effect, and other relations
34. Of ideas of identity and diversity Part I
35. Of ideas of identity and diversity Part II
36. Of ideas of other relations
37. Of clear and obscure, distinct and confused ideas
38. Of real and fantastical ideas
39. Of adequate and inadequate ideas
40. Of true and false ideas
41. Of the association of ideas

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Summary

John Locke's essays on human understanding answers the question “What gives rise to ideas in our minds?”. In the first book Locke refutes the notion of innate ideas and argues against a number of propositions that rationalists offer as universally accepted truth. In the second book Locke elaborates the role played by sensation, reflection, perception and retention in giving rise to simple ideas. Then he elaborates on how different modes, substances and relations of simple ideas (of the same kind) give rise to complex ideas v.g. space, time, infinity etc. Finally he discusses complex ideas of mixed modes which arise from a combination of simple ideas of different kinds v.g. identity and diversity, cause and effect, etc. Prooflistening for this project was done by bala and Rapunzelina